Internet of things (IoT) & Our Future

ABSTRACT

This work is an attempt to provide an idea about future scope, potential possibilities and issues concerning internet of things and how would it bring change in the lives of the people in the near future in relevance to developing smart cities of Bangladesh.

Keywords: internet of things, future scope in Bangladesh, potential possibilities, Smart Health, Smart Home and Buildings, Smart Cities, threat.

INTRODUCTION
The Internet of Things (IoT) in simple words can be described as the network of real or virtual objects or things embedded with electronics, sensors, software with network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data, thus providing connectivity at any time, anyplace for anything and not only for anyone.

Through IOT using existing network infrastructure, objects can be sensed and controlled remotely. The Internet of Things allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing internet network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration between the real physical world and computer-based virtual systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit. Each and everything would be able to interoperate using embedded computing system existing within the Internet infrastructure which makes them uniquely identifiable.

IOT RELEVANCE TO BANGLADESH

IoT as a concept looks very promising because of development of 100 Smart cities project in Bangladesh. The IoT has a very promising future in Bangladesh because the government is focusing, supporting and making the efforts for developing better infrastructure, even companies are coming up with innovative products, and industries know about the benefits which Internet of Things has to offer. IoT progress could prove to be impressive on a large scale, with more advanced research and resources. If such progress becomes a reality, the predictions of IoT use in Bangladesh may come true after all.

FUTURE OF IOT

As technology is becoming more and more state-of-the-art day by day, and the access of internet in every corner of the world is going to be easily obtainable, so the future of IOT is undoubtedly bright.

Achieving greater connectivity is the requirement for progress in the present world; thus the Internet of Things (IoT) has become a vital instrument for interconnecting devices. IoT is going to transform our lives beyond imagination. It would make our lives faster, easier and more productive.

People now want to have complete access to all products at home when they are on the go or in office. For example, people would be able to switch off the motor or ac running at their home or the lights in the car while sitting at their office. That’s the kind of smartness IOT technology would bring it to the lifestyle of the people.

According to Xing Zhihao, Zhong Yongfeng, the Internet of Things is likely to have a staggering impact on our daily lives and become an inherent part of areas such as electricity, transportation, industrial control, retail, utility management, healthcare, water resources management, and petroleum. It can greatly improve productivity and our lives. And unsurprisingly, its great market potential is attracting investments from governments, telecom operators, manufacturers, and industry users. Also called M2M standing for Machine to Machine, Machine to Man, Man to Machine, or Machine to Mobile, the Internet of Things intelligently connects humans, devices, and systems. Considered as another IT wave following computers, the Internet, and mobile communications, it represents the pinnacle of our current ICT (Information and Communications Technology) ambitions.

Humans are constantly evolving and finding out new technology and stuff so IoT would have a lot of impact in our daily lives. The products operated by internet will certainly make our life much easier than today. We would be able to operate multiple devices simultaneously.

IoT will surely go a long way with being able to connect to different types of devices and because of the ease of operation that it offers to someone who uses it. We can keep a close eye on things that were beyond our reach like when we are at the office, what is going on with our home and kids, even though we have those facilities now too, it would be made a lot easier because of the ability to connect to different devices.

I think in future nearly everything and every device in daily life will have a connected application. There will be the machine to machine interfaces, where devices talk to each other. We may well see wearable devices and sensors that can help to make a lot of changes in our lifestyle and provide early detection of disease risks. IoT will lead to increased awareness about environmental and social issues as more population comes online and they have more access to new techniques and solutions for education, human rights, environmental hazards and education. From climate change to disease prevention, from smart parking to traffic management, from water conservation to waste management all answers will lie in the IoT and we will find a better way to deal with it.

IOT in the near future would bring the following changes in the lifestyle of the people:

  1. Monitoring and Reporting: Thousands and millions of devices, equipment’s would be connected with each other with IOT concept. Inputting data at present is not fully automated on the internet, but this also will be achieved with Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART). Using IOT each and every movement in our home can be monitored and connected to the internet. By reporting and monitoring we mean to say that if there is a gas leak, the sensors can find out and communicate it to us. Smart cities would ensure living in clean and safe environments, intelligent smart traffic systems ensuring less number of accidents.
  2. Plants and Animals: IoT will drive tremendous innovation in the way our food is grown, processed, distributed, stored, and consumed. We would be able to know the requirement of plants and animals, based on data that can tell people, computers, and machines when, for example, they require water, treatment, healthcare support, need more sun or individual attention.
  3. Utility: IOT will make a digital revolution in all the fields. It will make daily life easier with the availability of technology which will be user-friendly. According to Xing Zhihao, Zhong Yongfeng, the power companies would read meters through telemetering systems instead of visiting houses; doctors would remotely monitor the conditions of their patients 24/7 by having the patients use devices at home instead of requiring the patients to stay at hospital; vehicle-mounted terminals automatically display the nearest parking space; sensors in smart homes turn off utilities, close windows, monitor security, and report to house owners in real time. These are scenarios that only existed in science fiction previously. With the coming of age of the Internet of Things, however, they would become a reality.
  4. Information: In future, internet access will be much faster than what we think; we will get the answers by just thinking about it. One can access the internet anywhere anytime without any expensive gadgets and gizmos.

According to Gartner (an information technology research and advisory firm), consumer applications will drive the number of connected things, while enterprise will account for most of the revenue. Gartner estimated that 2.9 billion connected things are in use in the consumer sector in 2015 and would increase to over 13 billion till 2020.

  1. Smart Cities

Many major cities were supported by smart projects, like Seoul, New York, Tokyo, Shanghai, Singapore, Amsterdam, and Dubai. Smart cities may still be viewed as a city of the future and smart life, and by the innovation rate of creating smart cities today’s, it will become very feasible to enter the IoT technology in cities development [30]. Smart cities demand to require careful planning at every stage, with the support of agreement from governments, citizens to implement the internet of things technology in every aspect. By the IoT, cities can be improved in many levels, by improving infrastructure, enhancing public transportation. Reducing traffic congestion, and keeping citizens safe, healthy and more engaged in the community as shown in Figure 3 [31]. By connection all systems in the cities like transportation system, healthcare system, weather monitoring systems and etc., in addition, to support people by the internet in every place to accessing the database of airports, railways, transportation tracking operating under specified protocols, cities will become smarter by means of the internet of things.

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V Smart Home and Buildings 

Wi-Fi’s technologies in home automation have been used primarily due to the networked nature of deployed electronics where electronic devices such as TVs, mobile devices, etc are usually supported by Wi-Fi [34]. Wi-Fi have started becoming part of the home IP network and due to the increasing rate of adoption of mobile computing devices like smartphones, tablets, etc. For example, a networking to provide online streaming services or network at homes may provide a means to control of the device functionality over the network. At the same time mobile devices ensure that consumers have access to a portable ‘controller’ for the electronics connected to the network. Both types of devices can be used as gateways for IoT applications [36]. Many companies are considering developing platforms that integrate the building automation with entertainment, healthcare monitoring, energy monitoring and wireless sensor monitoring in the home and building environments. By the concept of the internet of things, homes and buildings may operate many devices and objects smartly, of the most interesting application of IoT in smart homes and buildings are smart lighting, smart environmental and media, air control and central heating, energy management and security as shown in Figure 4 below.

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Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with integration to the internet of things technology will provide an intelligent energy management in buildings, in addition to the obvious economic and environmental gains. Internet together with energy management systems also offers an opportunity to access a buildings’ energy information and control systems from a laptop or a smartphone placed anywhere in the world [38]. The future Internet of Things will provide an intelligent building management systems which can be considered as a part of a much larger information system used by facilities managers in buildings to manage energy use and energy procurement and to maintain buildings systems

Smart Health

A close attention that required to hospitalized patients whose physiological status should be monitored continuously can be constantly done by using IoT monitoring technologies. For smart health, sensors are used to collect comprehensive physiological information and use gateways and the cloud to analyze and store the information and then send the analyzed data wirelessly to caregivers for further analysis and review as shown in Figure 6 below [45]. It replaces the process of having a health professional come by at regular intervals to check the patient’s vital signs, instead of providing a continuous automated flow of information. In this way, it simultaneously improves the quality of care through constant attention and lowers the cost of care by reduces the cost of traditional ways of care in addition to data collection and analysis

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Many peoples around the worlds are suffering from the bad health because they don’t have ready access to effective health monitoring and may be a suspected to be as critical situation patients. But with small, powerful wireless solutions connected through the IoT are now making possible for monitoring to come to these patients. These solutions can be used to securely capture patient health data from a variety of sensors, apply complex algorithms to analyze the data and then share it through wireless connectivity with medical professionals who can make appropriate health recommendations

VII. THREATS

Among the people security and privacy of the user data are the major concerns in the adoption of Internet of Things technology as said in the Intelligence Survey conducted by Business Insider. [14] In new technology, a lot of machines or devices would communicate with each other, so there will be some radiations emitting out of it which we will be exposed to. Technology helps humans to solve their problems but an excess of it will make humans lazy and reduce their efficiency in thinking as we can see our older generation (i.e. people of 80 years age) can remember things better than us. More exposure to radiation means more health problems.

Potential applications in the enterprise world

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Stephan Haller focused on the introduction of the IoT approach into the business process. He emphasized that he saw IoT as an integral part of the whole future Internet, enabling the establishment of service platforms that provide insight in the developments of the “real world” through a collection of information from sensors and allow a reaction from that understanding towards the complex reality. This is depicted in the picture below.

For IoT RFID is most talked about, but there are many more technologies contributing to that understanding. The SAP is coordinating a project called ADiWa (“Allianz Digitaler Warenfluss”, Alliance Digital Product Flow) which aims to research technologies for enterprise applications, used to plan, control, and execute complex and dynamic business processes involving IoT. Important subareas to consider when realizing such an environment include IoT and logistics, but also security; analysis, modelling and simulation of business processes; modelling and processing of complex events; and finally application and evaluation. New developments (beyond the “traditional” areas of logistics and retail) include Dynamic Service products, and “lean and green manufacturing”. Dynamic Service products are products for which the care by the provider is moving well beyond the point of sales: the provider is no longer selling a machine, but a service, which may well include just in time maintenance and insurance of service continuity. These systems would also allow the provider to

VIII. CONCLUSIONS

A lot of artificial intelligence is going to make its way through our lives making it better and better. More people would be connected to the world. The world is going to become a much better place to live with more and more communication with everyone across the world. Commute and connectivity would become easier. In the near future, the number of Internet-connected devices would increase exponentially, from parking spaces to houses to refrigerators; the IoT is bringing more and more things into the digital mode every day, which would at some day in the future make IOT a multi-trillion dollar industry. [15] With such a fast pace growth, the day is not too far that we can even reconfigure our dinner even before reaching home on the way.

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