CRUD And Search Operation In ASP.NET MVC Application Using Partial View

8 minute read

What is Partial View in ASP.NET MVC?

  • Partial view is a view which is rendered in another view
  • Partial view render portion of pages
  • Using partial view, you can reuse portion of page
  • Partial view is similar to a normal view with .cshtml

Project overview

Here I have created an application to keep basic employee information. View, add, update and delete option of an employee is in the application. I used partial view to show employee information in grid. Here I showed how do you run CRUD operation using partial view in most manageable way. Let’s come to the implementation of the project.

Tools and Technology used I used following tools and technology to develop the project –

  • Visual Studio 2013
  • Visual C#
  • ASP.NET MVC 5
  • Entity Framework 6
  • Razor view engine
  • JQuery

Step 1: Create a ASP.net MVC Project

  • From Visual studio 2013, choose File->Project -> ASP.NET Web application
  • Select MVC Template and click OK

Step 2: Change or Add Connection String

  • Change or Add connection string in Web.config as follows
<add name="DefaultConnection" connectionString="Data Source=(LocalDb)\v11.0;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\HRMDB.mdf;Initial Catalog=HRMDB;Integrated Security=True" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" />

Step 3: Create model classes

Create three model classes Dept, Designation and Employee as follows.

Dept Class

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.Schema;
 
namespace Web.HRM.Models
{
    public class Dept
    {
        public Dept()
        {
            ActionDate = DateTime.Now;
        }
 
        [Key, DatabaseGenerated(DatabaseGeneratedOption.Identity)]
        public int Id { get; set; }
 
        [Display(Name = "Dept")]
        public string Name { get; set; }
 
        public virtual List<employee> Employees { get; set; }
        public DateTime ActionDate { get; set; }
    }
}

Designation Class

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.Schema;
 
namespace Web.HRM.Models
{
    public class Designation
    {
        public Designation()
        {
            ActionDate = DateTime.Now;
        }
        [Key, DatabaseGenerated(DatabaseGeneratedOption.Identity)]
        public int Id { get; set; }
        [Display(Name = "Designation")]
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public virtual List<Employee> Employees { get; set; }
        public DateTime ActionDate { get; set; }
 
    }
}

Employee Class

using System;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.Schema;
 
namespace Web.HRM.Models
{
    public class Employee
    {
        public Employee()
        {
            ActionDate = DateTime.Now;
        }
 
        [Key, DatabaseGenerated(DatabaseGeneratedOption.Identity)]
        public int Id { get; set; }
 
        [Display(Name = "Employee Code")]
        public string EmpCode { get; set; }
 
        [Display(Name = "Full Name")]
        public string FullName { get; set; }
 
        [Display(Name = "Nick Name")]
        public string NickName { get; set; }
 
        [Display(Name = "Designation")]
        public int DesignationId { get; set; }
 
        [ForeignKey("DesignationId")]
        public virtual Designation Designation { get; set; }
 
        [Display(Name = "Department")]
        public int DeptId { get; set; }
 
        [ForeignKey("DeptId")]
        public virtual Dept Dept { get; set; }
 
        public string Phone { get; set; }
        public string Email { get; set; }
        public string Address { get; set; }
        public DateTime ActionDate { get; set; }
    }
}

Step 4: Create a Context class

  • Create HRMContext Class in Model folder.
using Microsoft.AspNet.Identity.EntityFramework;
using System.Data.Entity;
 
namespace Web.HRM.Models
{
 
    public class HRMContext : IdentityDbContext<ApplicationUser>
    {
        public HRMContext()
            : base("DefaultConnection", throwIfV1Schema: false)
        {
        }
 
        public static HRMContext Create()
        {
            return new HRMContext();
        }
 
        public DbSet<Dept> Depts { get; set; }
        public DbSet<Designation> Designations { get; set; }
        public DbSet<Employee> Employees { get; set; }
    }
}

Step 5: Create Controller and Views

  • Click Right button on Controller Folder->Add Controller.
  • Now choose MVC 5 Controller with views, using Entity Framework as scaffolding template.
  • Click Add.
  • Now select HRMContext as context, Employee as model and type controller name as EmployeeController.

Step 6: Modify the controller

  • Modify EmployeeController as follows.
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data.Entity;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using Web.HRM.Models;
 
namespace Web.HRM.Controllers
{
    public class EmployeeController : Controller
    {
        private HRMContext db = new HRMContext();
 
        // GET: /Employee/
        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            var employees = db.Employees.Include(e => e.Dept).Include(e => e.Designation);
            return View(employees.ToList());
        }
 
        // GET: /Employee/Details/5
        public ActionResult Details(int? id)
        {
            if (id == null)
            {
                return new HttpStatusCodeResult(HttpStatusCode.BadRequest);
            }
            Employee employee = db.Employees.Find(id);
            if (employee == null)
            {
                return HttpNotFound();
            }
            return View(employee);
        }
 
        // GET: /Employee/Create
        public ActionResult Create()
        {
            ViewBag.DeptId = new SelectList(db.Depts, "Id", "Name");
            ViewBag.DesignationId = new SelectList(db.Designations, "Id", "Name");
 
            List<Dept> lstDept = db.Depts.ToList();
            ViewBag.DeptList = lstDept;
 
            List<Designation> lstDesignation = db.Designations.ToList();
            ViewBag.DesignationList = lstDesignation;
 
            return View();
        }
 
        // POST: /Employee/Create
        // To protect from overposting attacks, please enable the specific properties you want to bind to, for 
        // more details see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=317598.
        [HttpPost]
        [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
        public ActionResult Create([Bind(Include = "Id,EmpCode,FullName,NickName,DesignationId,DeptId,Phone,Email,Address")] Employee employee)
        {
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                employee.ActionDate = DateTime.Now;
                if (employee.Id != 0)
                    db.Entry(employee).State = EntityState.Modified;
                else
                    db.Employees.Add(employee);
                db.SaveChanges();
                return RedirectToAction("Create");
            }
 
            ViewBag.DeptId = new SelectList(db.Depts, "Id", "Name", employee.DeptId);
            ViewBag.DesignationId = new SelectList(db.Designations, "Id", "Name", employee.DesignationId);
            return View(employee);
        }
 
        // GET: /Employee/Edit/5
        public ActionResult Edit(int? id)
        {
            if (id == null)
            {
                return new HttpStatusCodeResult(HttpStatusCode.BadRequest);
            }
            Employee employee = db.Employees.Find(id);
            if (employee == null)
            {
                return HttpNotFound();
            }
            ViewBag.DeptId = new SelectList(db.Depts, "Id", "Name", employee.DeptId);
            ViewBag.DesignationId = new SelectList(db.Designations, "Id", "Name", employee.DesignationId);
            return View(employee);
        }
 
        // POST: /Employee/Edit/5
        // To protect from overposting attacks, please enable the specific properties you want to bind to, for 
        // more details see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=317598.
        [HttpPost]
        [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
        public ActionResult Edit([Bind(Include = "Id,EmpCode,FullName,NickName,DesignationId,DeptId,Phone,Email,Address,ActionDate")] Employee employee)
        {
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                db.Entry(employee).State = EntityState.Modified;
                db.SaveChanges();
                return RedirectToAction("Index");
            }
            ViewBag.DeptId = new SelectList(db.Depts, "Id", "Name", employee.DeptId);
            ViewBag.DesignationId = new SelectList(db.Designations, "Id", "Name", employee.DesignationId);
            return View(employee);
        }
 
        // GET: /Employee/Delete/5
        public ActionResult Delete(int? id)
        {
            if (id == null)
            {
                return new HttpStatusCodeResult(HttpStatusCode.BadRequest);
            }
            Employee employee = db.Employees.Find(id);
            if (employee == null)
            {
                return HttpNotFound();
            }
 
            return View(employee);
        }
 
        // POST: /Employee/Delete/5
        [HttpPost, ActionName("Delete")]
        [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
        public ActionResult DeleteConfirmed(int id)
        {
            Employee employee = db.Employees.Find(id);
            db.Employees.Remove(employee);
            db.SaveChanges();
            return RedirectToAction("Create");
            //return RedirectToAction("Index");
        }
 
 
        public ActionResult _LoadSearchEmployee(string desigId, string deptId)
        {
            List<Employee> employee = new List<Employee>();
            int _desigId = 0;
            int _deptId = 0;
            Int32.TryParse(desigId, out _desigId);
            Int32.TryParse(deptId, out _deptId);
 
            employee = db.Employees.Where(p => (p.DeptId == _deptId || _deptId == 0) &&
                (p.DesignationId == _desigId || _desigId == 0)).ToList();
            return PartialView(employee);
        }
        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (disposing)
            {
                db.Dispose();
            }
            base.Dispose(disposing);
        }
    }
}

Step 7: Create a partial view

  • Create a partial view name _LoadSearchEmployee in Employee Controller.
  • Click right button on _LoadSearchEmployee action -> Add View -> Select “Create as a partial view” as follows.

  • Modify the partial view “_LoadSearchEmployee” in Views-> Employee folder as follows.
@model IEnumerable<Web.HRM.Models.Employee>
 
    @{
        ViewBag.Title = "View1";
    }
 
    <h2>List of Employees</h2>
 
    @*<p>
            @Html.ActionLink("Create New", "Create")
        </p>*@
    <table class="table">
        <tr>
 
            <th>
                @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.EmpCode)
            </th>
            <th>
                @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.FullName)
            </th>
            <th>
                @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.NickName)
            </th>
            <th>
                @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.Designation.Name)
            </th>
            <th hidden="hidden"></th>
            <th>
                @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.Dept.Name)
            </th>
            <th hidden="hidden"></th>
 
            <th>
                @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.Phone)
            </th>
            <th>
                @Html.DisplayNameFor(model => model.Email)
            </th>
 
            <th hidden="hidden"></th>
            <th hidden="hidden"></th>
 
            <th></th>
        </tr>
 
        @foreach (var item in Model)
        {
            <tr>
 
                <td>
                    @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.EmpCode)
                </td>
                <td>
                    @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.FullName)
                </td>
                <td>
                    @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.NickName)
                </td>
 
 
                <td>
                    @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.Designation.Name)
 
                </td>
                <td hidden="hidden">
                    @item.DesignationId
                </td>
 
                <td>
                    @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.Dept.Name)
                </td>
 
                <td hidden="hidden">
                    @item.DeptId
                </td>
 
                <td>
                    @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.Phone)
                </td>
                <td>
                    @Html.DisplayFor(modelItem => item.Email)
                </td>
 
                <td hidden="hidden">
                    @item.Address
                </td>
 
                <td hidden="hidden">
                    @item.Id
                </td>
                <td>
                <input type="button" id="editRow" value="Edit" class="btn btn-link editRow" />
                |
                @Html.ActionLink("Details", "Details", new { id = item.Id }) |
                @Html.ActionLink("Delete", "Delete", new { id = item.Id })
                </td>
            </tr>
        }
 
    </table>
 
    <script src="~/Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.min.js"></script>
    <script>
        $(function () {
 
            $('#EmpCode').val('');
            $('#FullName').val('');
            $('#NickName').val('');
            $('#Phone').val('');
            $('#Email').val('');
 
            $('.editRow').click(function () {
 
                $('#EmpCode').val($(this).closest('tr').find('td:eq(0)').text().trim());
                $('#FullName').val($(this).closest('tr').find('td:eq(1)').text().trim());
                $('#NickName').val($(this).closest('tr').find('td:eq(2)').text().trim());
 
                var designationId = $(this).closest('tr').find('td:eq(4)').text().trim();
                var deptId = $(this).closest('tr').find('td:eq(6)').text().trim();
                //alert(designationId);
                $("#DesignationId").val(designationId);
                $("#DeptId").val(deptId);
 
                $('#Phone').val($(this).closest('tr').find('td:eq(7)').text().trim());
                $('#Email').val($(this).closest('tr').find('td:eq(8)').text().trim());
 
                $('#Address').val($(this).closest('tr').find('td:eq(9)').text().trim());
 
                var empId = $(this).closest('tr').find('td:eq(10)').text().trim();
                //alert(empId);
                $("#Id").val(empId);
                $("#btnSave").val("Edit");
 
            });
        });
    </script>

Step 8: Create a View

  • Right click on Create action -> Add View name Create as follows.

  • Modify the “Create” View and javascript bottom of the view in View->Employee folder as follows.
@model Web.HRM.Models.Employee
 
@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Create";
 
    var lstDept = ViewBag.DeptList;
    var lstDesignation = ViewBag.DesignationList;
 
}
 
@*<h2>Create</h2>*@
 
 
@using (Html.BeginForm())
{
    @Html.AntiForgeryToken()
 
 
    <div class="form-horizontal">
        <h4>Employee Information</h4>
        <hr />
        @Html.ValidationSummary(true)
 
        @*@Html.HiddenFor(model => model.Id)*@
        <input type="hidden" value="0" id="Id" name="Id" />
 
        <table>
            <tr>
                <td>@Html.LabelFor(model => model.EmpCode, new { @style = "width : 150px", @class = "control-label col-md-2" })</td>
                <td>
                    @Html.EditorFor(model => model.EmpCode)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.EmpCode)
                </td>
                <td>@Html.LabelFor(model => model.FullName, new { @style = "width : 150px", @class = "control-label col-md-2" })</td>
                <td>
                    @Html.EditorFor(model => model.FullName)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.FullName)
                </td>
            </tr>
 
            <tr>
                <td>@Html.LabelFor(model => model.NickName, new { @style = "width : 150px", @class = "control-label col-md-2" })</td>
                <td>
                    @Html.EditorFor(model => model.NickName)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.NickName)
                </td>
                <td>@Html.LabelFor(model => model.DesignationId, "Designation", new { @style = "width : 150px", @class = "control-label col-md-2" })</td>
                <td>
                    @Html.DropDownList("DesignationId", "---Select Dept---")
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.DesignationId)
                </td>
            </tr>
 
            <tr>
                <td>@Html.LabelFor(model => model.DeptId, "Dept", new { @style = "width : 150px", @class = "control-label col-md-2" })</td>
                <td>
                    @Html.DropDownList("DeptId", "---Select Dept---")
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.DeptId)
                </td>
                <td>@Html.LabelFor(model => model.Phone, new { @style = "width : 150px", @class = "control-label col-md-2" })</td>
                <td>
                    @Html.EditorFor(model => model.Phone)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Phone)
                </td>
            </tr>
 
            <tr>
                <td>@Html.LabelFor(model => model.Email, new { @style = "width : 150px", @class = "control-label col-md-2" })</td>
                <td>
                    @Html.EditorFor(model => model.Email)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Email)
                </td>
                <td>@Html.LabelFor(model => model.Address, new { @style = "width : 150px", @class = "control-label col-md-2" })</td>
                <td>
                    @Html.EditorFor(model => model.Address)
                    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Address)
                </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td></td>
                <td>
                    <input type="submit" value="Save" id="btnSave" class="btn btn-primary" /> ||
                    @Html.ActionLink("Clear", "Create", "Employee", null, new { @class = "btn btn-primary" })
                    @*@Html.ActionLink("Back to List", "Index")*@
 
                </td>
                <td></td>
                <td></td>
            </tr>
        </table>
 
        <hr />
        <table>
            <tr>
                <td>@Html.Label("Dept: ", new { @style = "width : 150px", @class = "control-label col-md-2" }) </td>
                <td>
                    @Html.DropDownList("DeptSearch", new SelectList(lstDept, "Id", "Name"), "---Select Dept---", new { @style = "width : 200px", @class = "form-control" })
                </td>
                <td>@Html.Label("Designation: ", new { @class = "control-label col-md-2" })</td>
                <td>
 
                    @Html.DropDownList("DesigSearch", new SelectList(lstDesignation, "Id", "Name"), "---Select Designation---", new { @style = "width : 200px", @class = "form-control" })
                </td>
                <td>
                    <input type="button" value="Search" class="btn btn-primary" id="getData" />
                </td>
            </tr>
        </table>
 
    </div>
}
 
@*<div>
        @Html.ActionLink("Back to List", "Index")
    </div>*@
 
<br /><br /><br />
 
<div id="saveDiv">
    @{ Html.RenderAction("_LoadSearchEmployee", new { desigId = "", deptId = "" }); }
</div>
<div id="partial">
 
</div>
 
 
@section Scripts {
    @Scripts.Render("~/bundles/jqueryval")
 
 
    <script>
        $(function () {
 
            $('#getData').click(function () {
                //alert('Clicked');
                var deptId = $('#DeptSearch').val();
                var desigId = $('#DesigSearch').val();
                $('#saveDiv').hide();
 
                var url = "@Html.Raw(Url.Action("_LoadSearchEmployee", "Employee", new { desigId = "-parameter", deptId = "sempar" }))";
                url = url.replace("-parameter", desigId);
                url = url.replace("sempar", deptId);
                $('#partial').load(url);
            });
 
        });
 
    </script>
}

Step 9: Modify the RouteConfig

  • Modify route configuration in App_Start in RouteConfig.cs is as follows. Main reason to modify this class to run the create page by default.
using System.Web.Mvc;
using System.Web.Routing;
 
namespace Web.HRM
{
    public class RouteConfig
    {
        public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
        {
            routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.axd/{*pathInfo}");
 
            routes.MapRoute(
                name: "Default",
                url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}",
                defaults: new { controller = "Employee", action = "Create", id = UrlParameter.Optional }
            );
        }
    }
}

Now run the application, you will see the following output. You can add, view, update and delete employee information in a same page. Thanks for your patience.

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